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“Torture Free” Chicago Resolution

On Wednesday January 18, 2012, the Chicago City Council unanimously passed a Resolution Against Torture, that was originally introduced by Alderman Joe Moore of the 49th ward in November 2011. The Illinois Coalition Against Torture collected over 3,500 signatures from Chicago, across the U.S., and around the world in support of this Resolution. Chicago is the first city in the United States to officially oppose all forms of torture.

This Resolution requires that Mayor Emmanuel and the Chicago City Council stand firm against all forms of torture and inhumane treatment. It requests that Chicago officials publically declare their support for survivors of torture and hold all perpetrators of torture accountable.

The Resolution further requires that Mayor Emmanuel and the City Council of the City of Chicago affirm that all prisoners under city, state or federal government control, both domestically and internationally, must have their human rights respected, including the right to be free from torture.

This is the text of the resolution.

RESOLUTION PROCLAIMING CHICAGO TO BE A TORTURE FREE ZONE

WHEREAS, the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Convention) defines torture as: “Any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity.”; and

WHEREAS, the United States signed the Convention in 1988 and the United States Congress ratified the Convention in 1994, thereby making it a law; and

WHEREAS, torture violates our nation’s and our city’s most cherished ideals and violates the rights of all individuals, in contravention of the Convention and provisions of the United States Constitution, including the Fifth Amendment ban on self-incrimination, the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment, and the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee of equal protection under the law; and

WHEREAS, incidents of torture and degrading practices perpetrated by agents of or on behalf of the United States government have been documented in Abu Ghraib, Bagram, Guantanamo Bay and elsewhere abroad since the signing of the Convention; and

WHEREAS, many Chicagoans are being held in prolonged solitary confinement in Illinois prisons in conditions which often lead to physical and psychological breakdown and are a form of torture; and

WHEREAS, former Chicago Police Commander Jon Burge and Chicago police officers under his command tortured scores of African-American men, which resulted in false confessions leading to wrongful convictions and imprisonment; and

WHEREAS, the City of Chicago and its taxpayers have paid and continue to pay millions of dollars to defend lawsuits arising from those torturous acts; and

WHEREAS, torture survivors require comprehensive care and assistance, such as that provided by the Heartland Alliance Marjorie Kovler Center; and

WHEREAS, torture degrades everyone involved—perpetrators, survivors of torture, their families and communities, and officials and the public which turn a blind eye to such practices; and

WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Chicago in 2002 declared June 26th a day of support for torture survivors in accordance with the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture; now, therefore,

BE IT RESOLVED THAT the Mayor and the City Council of the City of Chicago stand firm against all forms of torture and inhuman treatment, and hereby proclaim Chicago to be a torture free zone; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Mayor and the City Council of the City of Chicago voice their strong and unwavering support for all survivors of torture, and will hold all perpetrators accountable for their actions; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Mayor and the City Council of the City of Chicago support and will take all necessary steps to enact the following: 1. The City of Chicago declares that it will not tolerate, support or allow torture to be practiced by its employees or residents. 2. The City of Chicago affirms that all prisoners under city, state or federal governmental control are entitled to have their human rights respected, including their right to be free from torture. 3. The City of Chicago supports the observance of December 10th, International Human Rights Day, as a day to reaffirm that the human rights of all people must be respected and to publicly denounce the practice of torture, wherever it occurs.

Download ICAT’s  “How To Guide” to passing an anti-torture resolution (a PDF document) by clicking here.

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7 Comments
  1. Esther Hicks permalink

    Torture in any form must not the the benchmark of the justice of the City of Chicago. As a citizen I denounce the practice of torture creating the foundation for indignity of all involved in the actions of torture: the victim and the perpetrator. This type of base behavior reduces us all to a level of inhumanity that destroys the fabric of the society we all for ourselves and our children: the common good of all.

  2. My heart and dedication go’s out to the men who are still incarcerated as well as their families. A resolution is nobel, however how can it benefit the men who are still inside Illinois prisons as the result of Jon Burge and subordinates? No one that currently sits on the City Council will tell you that they support torture, however they have done next to nothing to help free the men who have served decades behind prison walls. Entire families have been separated, fathers and mothers have died while these men have been in prison.

    I do support this resolution but is concern that it will only amount to another sheet of paper in which no one follows.

  3. Hadi Jawad permalink

    We’d like to duplicate your achivement in Texas!

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. People's Blog for the Constitution » How you can stand up against torture
  2. People's Blog for the Constitution » Hold doctors accountable for torture
  3. People's Blog for the Constitution » Chicago vs. torture
  4. International Human Rights Day Action Opposing Solitary Confinement in Illinois Prisons | Chicago Activism

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